The Old Jewish Cemetery of Zizkov

One of the legacies of prague's jewish community is the cemetery.

The jewish cemetery in prague-zizkov is also called the vintage jewish cemetery in olšany or the noda bi'yehuda cemetery. You can find in mahler's park in fibichova road, zizkov, prague 3, right below the zizkov tv tower. It occupies a place of 7515 rectangular meters and still has about one thousand tombstones that survived.

When you consider that 1787--while the old jewish cemetery within the then-jewish city (today josefov) became now not used-- until 1890--whilst the new jewish cemetery changed into opened--this turned into prague's vital burial grounds. Within that time, about 40,000 humans have been buried. Many tombstones from the 18th and nineteenth centuries are preserved right here. The cemetery is a resting place for many vital rabbis, scholars, and docs, businessmen, and different personalities.

The maximum visited grave is that of prague's chief rabbi ezechiel landau (1713-1793) and eleazar fleckeles, his disciple and ideological follower (1754-1826). A few distinguished representatives of the enlightenment and the modern jewish intelligence that are buried here are doctor jonas jeiteles (1735-1806), his son baruch jeiteles (1762-1813), and historian david podiebrad (1803-1882).

There are also the tombs of the primary jewish marketers joachim popper (1721-1795) and individuals of the families of jerusalem, pribram and dormitzer. Jehuda shelomo rappoport (1786-1867), an influential rabbi and student of reform judaism and a former leader rabbi of prague, is buried here, too.

The cemetery become based in 1680 as the plague burial floor of the prague jewish community. During the 10-months-long epidemic, a few three,000 from the prague ghetto were buried there. Other funerals occurred right here at some stage in some other plague epidemic in 1713-1714, the warfare events in 1742-1743 and the expulsion of the jews from prague in 1747-1750.

Whilst emperor joseph ii in 1787 banned "for hygienic motives burying in vintage cemeteries inside town centers", the local burial ground was made the new vital prague jewish cemetery. The location had to be increased. The primary enlargement passed off already in 1787, the next one inside the 12 months 1855.

All through its energetic life, the cemetery of the authentic 427 square meters grew almost fivefold, doubling the size of the old cemetery at josefov. In 1884, whilst the zizkov municipality banned similarly burials, its quantity changed into about 28,000 square meters. For technical motives, but, burials within the cemetery persevered until june 1890, while the new jewish cemetery become commissioned at olšany. In general, a few 37,800 human beings were buried on the zizkov vintage jewish cemetery between the years 1680-1890.

For the duration of the wwii, the cemetery became spared via the nazis. In truth, it changed into the simplest location inside the city middle, in which prague's jews were allowed to go for walks, being excluded from other public locations including parks, gardens and squares. However, this very precious background site did not continue to exist the second régime that got here throughout the bloodless war--the communists.

In 1960, a massive a part of the perimeter wall of the cemetery became demolished. The tombstones had been knocked down and buried inside the soil, and approximately 3 quarters of the cemetery become converted right into a public park known as after the jewish composer gustav mahler. Handiest the oldest a part of the cemetery with the maximum treasured gravestones remained.

There was some other irreversible destruction of the burial grounds among 1985 and 1992, when the debatable creation of the zizkov television tower took place, actually being erected at the graves scenario. After 1999, the whole site underwent a reconstruction and in 2001, the leftover refurbished a part of the cemetery changed into open to public.


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